0
0

Chapter 18. The Acute Abdomen, Pancreatitis, and the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome

Bennett P deBoisblanc, MD, FCCP
DOI: 10.1378/critcare.21.18
text A A A

Sections

Objectives 
  • Identify the risk factors for selected abdominal complications of critical illness.

  • Recall the diagnostic approach to acute pancreatitis, bowel obstruction, mesenteric ischemia, Clostridium difficile colitis, acalculous cholecystitis, and the abdominal compartment syndrome.

  • Select the appropriate treatment approach to each of the above illnesses when they are encountered in the ICU.

Synopsis 

Because patients who develop acute pancreatitis, acute bowel obstruction, mesenteric ischemia, or Clostridium difficile colitis are at increased risk of developing infectious, cardiopulmonary, and renal complications, they are usually cared for by intensivists in the ICU. Furthermore, bowel ischemia, acalculous cholecystitis, pseudomembranous colitis, or abdominal compartment syndrome may complicate non-GI illnesses within the ICU. This chapter focuses on the diagnosis and management of selected abdominal illnesses that critical care physicians commonly encounter and therefore are likely to encounter on the board exam.

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER