0
0

Chapter 35. Derangements of Serum Potassium, Sodium, Calcium, Phosphate, and Magnesium

Stephen P Kantrow, MD
DOI: 10.1378/critcare.21.35
text A A A

Sections

Synopsis 

Electrolyte abnormalities are common in critically ill patients, and treatment requires a strong foundation of physiologic principles and knowledge of clinical presentations. This chapter provides a review of derangements of serum potassium, sodium, calcium, phosphate, and magnesium, with an emphasis on clinical application of basic physiologic principles. We present important disease associations and clinical manifestations for each major derangement, and describe treatment approaches and challenges.

Objectives 
  • Review basic physiology leading to clinically important increases or decreases in serum levels of major electrolytes.

  • Recognize major disease associations and mechanisms leading to electrolyte derangements in critically ill patients.

  • Understand key principles underlying short-term treatment of electrolyte abnormalities.

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

CHEST Journal Articles
CHEST Book Chapters
ACCP/AAP Pediatric Pulmonary Board Review > Chapter 11.  >
ACCP/AAP Pediatric Pulmonary Board Review > Chapter 14.  >
ACCP Sleep Medicine Board Review > Chapter 8.  >
CHEST Collections