Definition and Epidemiology
Review the definition, demographics, and etiology of congestive heart failure diagnosis.
Understand the pathophysiology of the heart failure syndrome.
Review general treatment goals and medical therapy for heart failure, with an emphasis on acute heart failure in the ICU.
Congestive heart failure (CHF) can be defined as the inability of the heart to provide an adequate cardiac output without invoking maladaptive compensatory mechanisms. This chapter will review the definition, demographics, and etiology of CHF diagnosis and will present the general treatment goals and medical therapy. Additionally, the pathophysiology of the heart failure syndrome will be explored.